Having an uneven skin tone can significantly impact your self-esteem. Presenting as darkened patches of skin, it can make you look over a decade older than you are. It occurs when there is an overproduction of melanin, the pigment that controls the colour of the hair and skin.

What causes an uneven skin tone?

Several things can contribute towards an uneven skin tone. Pollution, sun exposure, hormones and scarring are some of the most common culprits. When exposed to too much sunlight, it can lead to excessive melanin production. Traffic-related air pollution can also cause brown spots to appear on the skin, especially on the face.

You will also find it is common in pregnant women, due to a change in hormones. Occasionally, it may be a simple reaction to medications or cosmetics.

How does pigmentation develop?

Pigmentation develops due to melanin. Made up of special cells, melanin controls the colour of the skin. The more melanin that is produced in the body, the darker your skin will be. With an uneven skin tone, you can develop darker or lighter patches of skin.

The good news is that there are treatments available to correct an uneven skin tone.



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